| First written
mentioning of AESTI (Prussi) tribes at MARE SUEBIUM
by TACITUS in the Agricola and the
GERMANIA. Individual tribes were mentioned centuries earlier by Greek Historians. The BALTIC SEA was named for the Germanic Tribes of the Suebi-Suevi. A thousand years later the land of Schwaben (Suebi - Sweben) appears.
Suevi were all the
Germanic tribes in eastern Germania , that is east of the Elbe to the Memel
|150 AD|| AESTI-
EASTERNERS ( Prussi) are recorded individually as the GALINDER
and SUDAUER - Sudovian tribes
at the Mare Suebicum - Ostsee - Baltic Sea.
|550 AD||Gothic Historian Jordanis recorded the Balticf the Goten Reich- Gothic Empire, which reached from around the coasts of the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea. Jordanis mentioned a letter and diplomats from the Prussi Land.|
|850 AD|| BAJUVARIAN ( Boii , Boemi ) geographers recorded
the BRUS. During Frankish emperor Charle Magne etc
Bavarians and Saxons defendended themselves against Frankish take-overs. Bavarians later furnished the emperors, after the Frankish empire was split by the successor sons of Karl der Grosse ( Charle Magne)
|899 AD||Ca. 899 to 90l AD Angle Saxon Wulfstan von Haithabu , Juetland ( in Danish Hedeby, Jylland) took a trip along the Baltic Sea and reported to king Aelfred The Great about the Prussai Trading Place Druso TRUSO at the Drausen Sea, later city of Elbing|
|800-1000|| Between 800 and 1000 AD Northmen- Normans-
Vikings also came to Old Prussi Land and lived and married
Samlanders in SAMLAND (Latin- Sambia). For thousands of years this has been the main region for amber
export. Amber, Bernstein, Burnstein, Brennstein was called Succinum in Greek and simply G L A E S by the OldPrussi.
Today the people who where the Communist Military Occupiers brought in by Stalin call Amber Jantar ..The catholic church records in Latin picked up the native word GLAESUM (latinized from Glaes) as it was recorded by Roman Empire Historian Tacitus in his 98 AD Agricola and Germania.
|997 AD||First recorded attacks
on Baltic Aesti Old Prussi by soldiers of BOLESLAW I , who came with
Vojtech of Prag.
Times of the Catholic Crusades against the last " heathens" of Europe had started. It may be said in defense of Boleslaw I that he was an agent of the emperor. Mieszko I and his son Boleslaw I were the first dukes of the Polanen people. Upon receiving title of Duke as BROTHER and CO -OPERATOR of the EMPIRE they received LAND IN LIEN,land on loan. This FEUDAL SYSTEM in Europe for many centuries was the military protective system for the borders of Europe.
Prussians not wanting to
have their land and freedom taken, repelled repeated attacks by Crusaders
Centuries of attacks from mainly the East brought swarms of armies into Germania.
|375 AD||For centuries the HUNS particularly under Attila from Asia caused the Voelkerwanderung - Eurasian Migrations. Massive onslaught of people from Asia .|
|475 AD|| Alaric the Goths gives final deathblow
to the corrupted decaying Roman Empire. Alaric married imperial Galla
Placida. One half of the Roman Empire was Germanic at the time.
|600 's|| Slavs from the
East, The SARACENES - (Arabs, Moors converted by sword to
ISLAM )- attacked from the WEST coming from Africa to
Spain (West Gothic - Suevi ruled) and to the Frankish Empire.
Karl Martell (Charles Martell - THE HAMMER saves Europe from Islam )
|700's||AVARS from Asia again from the East.|
|800-1000||Northmen, Vikings , from the North , East and West do massive destruction all over Europe, Magyars from the East. While heathen Vikings destroyed the newly erected churches, christianized Scandinavians pledged allegiance to emperor and pope|
|919 AD||Saxon Ottonian kings and empire. Heinrich, Henry The Fowler & son Otto Building of bishoprics, stabilizing towns.|
|900 - 1100||Wends , Slavs who had come into Germania up to
the rivers Elbe/ Saale and received territories from the Frankish
and German Emperors ,started uprisings against CHRISTIANIZATION,
while the BAPTIZED SLAVS , such as Boleslaw I went on to attack neighbors
in order to "Christianize" them, while taking over the land.
The LAND IN LIEN or LAND ON LOAN which Boleslaw I was
supposed to rule , while being a BROTHER and CO-OPERATOR of the Emperor
(Otto) included the Land of the SILINGER GAUE and was south of the Prussi,
south of the Netze River between the Oder and Warthe River.The Polanen
, the people of the fields, came from the Kiev area into the
Basin between the Vistula and Warthe River. Land in Lien meant,
that it is Imperial Land and when a ruling house died out, the land
reverted back to the Empire.
|It was around the turn of the century and many people believed that they would not survive the Millennium turn.|
|A great many land lien -holders gave their land to the Church, some to receive it back as Lien from the POPE. Apparently Boleslaw I did this. ( I have read this, but do not have a confirmation H.H.H.)|
|1000 AD||Great gathering of Emperor Otto III and Boleslaw I|
|1158 AD.||German Tradesmen founded the Hanseatic trade city of RIGA at the Baltic Sea in Livonia, Livland, today Latvia|
|1201 AD||Archbishop Albert von Buxthoeven designates Riga as a city. VISBY on Gotland is mother city to Riga.|
|1178 AD|| OLIVA is founded at Dan(t)zig
, Monk CHRISTIAN Bishop of Prussi Land (To
convert Prussi to Christianity)
Various tries by various "Coverters" follow again , such as by CONRAD of MASOVIA.
Being converted to Christianity meant having Homeland Taken over by Pope, as Prussi had already found out, when some Prussi Chiefs had been Baptized. Upon then having the Homeland taken, they - REVERTED - changed back to Native Nature Believe of thundergod PERKUNOS and of DEIW, Diewas, Pikullos, etc.
|1226 AD|| and 1234 AD GOLDEN BULLAS -Papal
Orders for Baltic Crusades and Take-Over of Prussi
into Papal Possession. Interregnum - Emperorless time and Richard Cornwallis ,an Englishmen as King of Germany.
| 60 years of RESISTANCE by PRUSSIANS
against the Crusaders from all over Europe ended in
PRUSSILAND being christianized and governed by the Teutonic Knights- Deutscher Orden., who despite
having the name Deutsch- German are under the direct Orders of the Pope and are made Imperial Knights.
The knights are assigned to defend Europe from the Muslims. The Eastern Imperial city of Constantinople fell
Teutonic Knights are a HOSPITALLER ORDER.They were originally created in Palestine by German Pilgrims
to the Holy Land.. They build cities and Hospitals etc. and improved agriulture.
They recorded the most ancient of languages of Indo- European the OLD PRUSSIAN LANGUAGE, which is
|1243 AD|| Old Prussi Land is divided into four bishoprics
: Kulmerland, Ermland (Warmia) , Pomesanien , Samland.
It came under the Archbishop of Riga.
|1440 AD|| HANSE cities ELBING
, DANTZIG , THORN formed the PREUSSISCHE BUND, Prussian Confederation
to get free of the Pope.When the excesses of the catholic church became too unbearable and all the money collected from German lands went to Rome, people started uprisings. It took however till 1525 to have the first protestant state in Europe. The Archbishops did not want to loose the nice cash income from the selling of indulgence papers either.
|1454 AD||Teutonic Knights are put under suzerainty by Polish king Casimir IV, a Lithuanian and his wife Elisabeth of Habsburg. The Polish Piasts had died out in 1370 AD and the Jagiellos from Lithuania and the Habsburgs took on the task continuing Poland, which otherwise would seethe to exist ( Feudal law).|
| Under ALBRECHT von Brandenburg-Ansbach ,Hohenzollern,
Teutonic Order Grandmaster , Prussia
became Protestant Lutheran . Duke Albrecht took off the Teutonic Order robe and the eastern part of Prussia
became Ducal Prussia. The western part of Prussia became Royal Prussia and remained Catholic, such
as Ermland (in latin Warmia) . Feudal Law required an overlord for protectional alliances and the imperial
duke Albrecht von Brandenburg, got his mother's brother Sigismund I . Sigismund was the son of Elisabeth
Habsburg and Casimir IV. Casimir was from the royal Lithuanian House of Jogailla. They ruled Lithuania and
also ruled as kings of Poland, since the Polish Piasts had died out in 1370.
|Teutonic Knights , Kurfuersten- Electors and kings of Poland pleadged allegiance to Emperors.|
|1525 AD||Teutonic Knights Grand Masters also pledged allegiance to Pope and some to kings of Poland|
|Since that time the Hohenzollern Imperial House also ruled Brandenburg . 1525 the Kurfuerst of Brandenburg ( Imperial Prince Elector) remained Catholic and supported the Pope. The elector made his son's sign Affidavids that they will remain Catholic also and Brandenburg with them. But by the 1550's Brandenburg and the sons of the Electors became Lutheran.|
|1568 AD||Albrecht von Brandenburg Prussia Hohenzollern died after a long succesful life as duke of Prussia. Despite the ban of the Pope and the Emperor , which did not seem to have affected him and the land too greatly.|
|1618 AD||Since that time Brandenburg- Prussia is One State.|
The Frankish and the Schwabian Hohenzollern Branch of the Imperial Family took over the Government of Prussia after by 1618 the Prussian Hohenzollern Line died out.
|Western part of Prussia or Royal Prussia - Koeniglich Preussen, which later was called West-Prussia ,remained under the rule of the Bishops. The Bishop of Ermland was also Bishop of Samland and even, thought the land was under suzerainty of the King of Poland ( Lithuanian Jogailla- Habsburger, the Swedish Vasa kings and the Saxon Imperial Electors) it was independend with seperate government, coins, court systhem etc. and no foreign troups , including Polish, were allowed to enter. Various kings or bishops etc tried to annex though, which was not legal.|
|1701 AD||The Hohenzollern Imperial Electors, Dukes of Brandenburg- Prussia became Kings in Prussia|
|1772 AD|| The Eastern and the Western parts of Prussia, Ducal
and the Royal Prussia ,were finally freed of the political joke
around the neck, symbolized by the Black Prussian Eagle having to carry a small S , when Frederick II The Great
reunited Prussia politically again..Independent city states of the Hanseatic Liga Prussian cities now became a part of the Kingdom of Prussia.
| This RE-UNITING of Prussia
was by someone called the 1. Partition of Poland.
This caused misunderstanding and confusion.
The western part of Prussia
was christianized from the west, from Pommern , Pomerellia
-Danzig , while
| From 1415 to 1918
the Imperial House of Hohenzollern ruled Brandenburg
and the Teutonic State of Prussia ,governed the
State of Brandenburg-
Prussia since 1618 and became Kings of Prussia in 1701. They held other
lands also in Franconia ,Swabia, Rhineland area etc.Therefore Prussians
were pretty much at home in many German lands. East or West
Prussians however remained TOHUS
that is at home in
the Heimatland and each summer tourists came on vacation to theBaltic
Sea or Ostsee to the enchanted Bernstein Amber Land at the end of
the world, where the sun takes a bath in the sea...
The King of Prussia took
on the added burden of the Deutsche Reich - German Empire Crown. This
|1932 AD|| July 20 , 1932 in Berlin
the Prussian government under Otto Braun was ousted by Hitler troops
( Military Coup ).
1947 AD1999 AD
| Prussia is abolished
by Military Occupation Forces of the Soviet Union, United States,
Great Britain and
France. The Allied Control Council illegally sanctions the military expulsion of many millions of people,
over which they are governing.
In 1999 this land illegally occupied by military forces since 1945/ 47/49 is
still under occupation and not yet returned to the original population .
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